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 Ca. Colla Raymi N°200 Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu in History


From the Quechua language of the Incas; MACHU – WISE WITH MUCH MASTERY, PICCHU – OROGRAPHIC DENOMINATION, MOUNTAINS THAT FINISH IN PUNTA OR ANGULO PRONUNCIADO “. Its strategic location is closely related to the name it bears, the citadel of Machu Picchu is located at 2,400 meters between the Machu Picchu mountain that reaches an altitude of 3050 meters above sea level and the Wayna Picchu mountain that reaches up to 2700 meters above sea level, where the mountains end at sharp angles; both mountains protect face to face jealously.


It would be the fifteenth century of the Christian era, when the most powerful empire in America reached its peak in the hands of a worthy ruler who was called PACHACUTEQ (transformer of time and space projected to its continuity) for his exploits in war and his wisdom in the conquest, a direct descendant of the Sun God, had to be, to have a sophisticated empire under his command without hunger or misery.

Beyond his admirable administration over a great empire, he also had great civil and religious construction projects such as temples, cities, roads of thousands of km, of which undoubtedly, one of the most amazing and monumental works is the Inca city of Machu Picchu, built in total harmony with nature, located in a safe place against any threat, whether natural disasters or military attacks difficult to be seen and strategic place to attack.

It is natural that common peoples should arise and develop according to the increase of their inhabitants; On the other hand, it is remarkable that from the government of Pachacuteq, the Inca cities were characterized in being planned and even framed by a wall that would limit the number of inhabitants that the city could accommodate, however apparently this only happened with some cities, especially those that had greater rank or category, a clear example is Machupicchu, which extends on 5 km2, to the edge of gigantic cliffs in the edge of a hill, whose sides outline to the depths of the tube finishing in the borders of the river that digs constantly forming almost a gorge, walled on the east side and protected by a natural depression on the west side, the interior is made up of a large number of buildings that clearly show the perfect planning that had before being built, more than 500 platforms superimposed following the outline of the slopes, more than a thousand stairways, canal and 16 water fountains for the co I suppose that the first 3 sources are for the religious area, warehouses, handicraft workshops, a great Acllawasi, housing of the supreme head of the city, housing of the priest and the most outstanding large number of temples or religious places with the utmost care and precision of lace between the stones with the only idea that their work would be for eternity, rocks carved in the shape of effigies, in many cases demonstrating the advanced knowledge of geometry and trigonometry as is the case of the intiwatana; It is a complete civil, religious, administrative and economic work, in which they put their best knowledge of architectural planning and engineering afloat, surpassing all construction and engineering work of the time. It is necessary to emphasize that the ancient Inca sages, did works quite advanced, that the contemporaries of other sides of the plant not yet did it at that time, especially works of engineering and applied astronomy in architecture, with such precision. All this cautious work had its raison d’etre and a purpose to fulfill, a city manufactured by mandate of the state had to be for the state.

It is important to emphasize that the city of Machupicchu has not yet been completed, it would have begun construction in the mid-fifteenth century and was interrupted in the mid-sixteenth century as a result of the Spanish invasion, it is evident that they did not reach the site because no element is destroyed to the purpose as it was done in other places, nevertheless caused the abandonment, from the date nobody knew more of its existence, much less returned to continue building, nature seized, covering it as if the gods of the Incas entrusted it to let their secrets die among the stones. Hundreds of stories walk such clouds that appear and disappear over the sacred city; gathering stories of the Spanish chroniclers, historians of the republican era of Peru, updated scientific studies and most important the material and immaterial sources the distant descendants of the Incas of which we are still a part, in whom the essence of religiosity lasts, the language, ways of living together and much more, in addition to the experience of stepping on their tired floors every day, we can point out that: the well-respected city of Machupicchu, for the strategic location, the quality of architecture used in its temples and especially due to the quantity and distribution of the structures, it must have been a great meeting place for the elderly, wise people from their own and conquered territories, who had developed their own knowledge in different activities since time immemorial: astronomy, agriculture, architecture, engineering, science, medicine, art, etc. for the exchange of this knowledge, to then educate future generations, so that Machupicchu would be the UNIVERSITY if we translate it into the common language of today, but in due course it was the point where a seed was brought and Machupicchu came out the improved seed, then the sacred city is the birth of the maturity of Inca wisdom.

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